- Grain Traders and the East India Company: Patna and its Hinterland in the Late 18th and Early 19th Centuries, Indian Economic and Social History Review, 23, 4, 1986 (reprinted in S. Subrahmanyam (ed.),Merchants, Markets and the State in Early Modern India, Oxford University Press, 1990).
- Trade and Darbar Politics in the 18th Century Bengal Subah Modern Asian Studies, 1992, 26 (2) 233-273
- Bengali language review article: “Abashilpayan Bitarka” (English trans.: “ The Deindustrialization Debate”), 1993, in Arun Dasgupta (ed.), Abashilpayan Bitarka.Oupanibeshik Bharate Kutirshilper Abakshay. Aitihasik Bitarka Granthamala (English trans.: The Deindustrialization Debate: The Decline of Cottage Industries in Colonial India. The Problems in Indian History Series), pp 22-48, Dasgupta & Co.,Calcutta, 1993.
- Conflict and Collaboration: Bankers and Early Colonial Rule in India, 1993, Indian Economic and Social History Review, 30, 3, 1993, 283-310.
- History as Self-Representation:The Recasting of a Political Tradition in Late 18th Century Eastern India, Modern Asian Studies, 32, 4, 1998, 913-948
- Nature, History and Nationalism: The Travel Narratives of a South Asian Colonial Elite, 1998 in The American Journal of Semiotics,12,1-4, Summer 1995 ,, William Pencak, ed., special issue: “History and Semiotics”, 381-402
- Discovering India: Travel, History and Identity in Late 19th and early 20th Century
Colonial India, 1999, in Daud Ali (ed.), Invoking the Past: The Uses of History in South Asia ,Delhi, Oxford University Press.
- Communities, Kings and Chronicles: The Kulagranthas of Bengal, Studies in History, 2005, 21, 173-213.
- The King of Controversy: History and Nation-Making in Late Colonial India. The American Historical Review (2005) 110 (5): 1454-1475.
- The Persianization of Itihasa:Performance Narratives and Mughal Political Culture in Eighteenth-Century Bengal, The Journal of Asian Studies Vol. 67, No. 2 (May) 2008: 513–543.
- Cultural Flows and Cosmopolitanism in Mughal India: The Bishnupur Kingdom, Indian Economic and Social History Review, 2009, 46 (2) 147-182.
- Scribal Elites in Sultanate and Mughal Bengal, 2010, Indian Economic and Social History Review, 47 (4), 445-472.
- Goddess Encounters: Mughals, Monsters and the Goddess in Bengal. Modern Asian Studies (2013) 47(05), 1435-1487.
- The English East India Company and Cultural Cosmopolitanism in Late Mughal Bengal, 2015, in Cosmopolitismes en Asie du Sud XVIe-XVIIIe siecle, edited by Corinne Lefevre, Ines G. Zupanov and Jorge Flores, editions EHESS, Paris, Purushartha 33
- Bengali translation of "Dhrupad and Bishnupur" ( translated by Shampa Bhattacharya) published online in Parabaas 65
Unpublished papers and plans
- Mughals at Home and Abroad, (plan for a book)
- Literature, Language and Cultural Hierarchy; A Social History of the Bengali Language and Literature (plan for a book).
- Unfinished paper/chapter on "Raja Man Singh in Bengal"
- Unfinished paper/chapter on "Ganjifa Playing Cards", forthcoming in a volume in honour of Gautam Bhadra, Ishita Banerjee Dube and Sarvani Gooptu, editors.
- Unfinished paper/chapter on "Dhrupad and Bishnupur" .
- Unfinished paper/chapter on "Literature, Language and Cultural Hierarchy"
NOTE: Some research notes of Professor Chatterjee, pertaining especially to the papers on Raja Man Singh and Ganjifa playing cards are available for researchers. See the page on "Research Notes"